About the Geography of Mallorca
Mallorca, at 3,640 square kilometres, is the largest of the Balearic Islands which also comprise of Ibiza, Menorca and Formentera as well as smaller islets like Cabrera and Dragonera. This famous archipelago can be found off the eastern coast of Spain, the country which they are a part of. Geographically, Mallorca is located at a latitude of 39.710358 and longitude of 2.995148. Approximately 130 miles south of Barcelona and 150 miles east of Valencia, the island is around 100km wide from west to east and 75km long from north to south.
The formation of the Balearic islands is estimated to have taken place around 150 million years ago. At first, Mallorca was joined to the Spanish peninsula as an underwater island before its present configuration came into being. For a Mediterranean island, Mallorca is unusually fertile and green. It has an amazing array of natural landscapes from the soaring Serra de Tramuntana mountains in the west, to beautiful agricultural plains in its fertile centre. It is, however, most famous for its golden sand beaches and shallow turquoise waters along its coastline which make it a prime hot spot for holiday makers in the summer months.
Mallorca's population was 859,289 in 2015 and is continuing to increase at a fast rate. More than 50% of the Mallorca's inhabitants live in the capital city of Palma, the business hub bursting with life all year round. The island has a large number of expats from all over the world with a high concentration of Europeans, South Americans and Africans residing here.